In today’s blog post, we want to explain what a regional diet is all about, what the relationship is between regionality and seasonality, and what benefits a regional diet can bring.
What does regional mean?
Global 2000 describes regionality as something that “on the one hand refers to the origin of food (e.g. Wachau apricots (Wachau is an Austrian valley), on the other hand also to the sales market (“this product comes from my region”). In this context, a region is considered to be a national subspace or a subspace spanning several states – for example, a federal state, a natural or landscape area (e.g., Wachau, Seewinkel) or a smaller spatial unit with a cultural-historical connecting background (e.g., the Austrian-Swiss Rhine Valley).” 
If one eats regionally, it means that one also eats seasonally. Because if one buys seasonal food, the growth of this is dependent on climatic conditions at a certain place. And in a certain place or region there is always only one season. On the other hand, a seasonal food does not always mean to be a regional food. An example of this would be a mango that you can buy in a supermarket here in Europe. The fruit may be in season in a hot, faraway country, but it doesn’t grow in your own region.
Advantages of a regional diet
Buying regional food involves less transportation and the economic output is provided within the region, which in turn benefits local producers.
If one avoids buying from large supermarket chains and international corporations, a regional diet supports smaller, local businesses from one’s own region. Often, profit is at the forefront of such global companies. The quality of the food, damage to the environment, fair payment and the like are often less important.
Another advantage of a regional diet is the freshness of the food. Fruit and vegetables, for example, can be harvested ripe and transported quickly to the consumer, important ingredients are preserved. Of course, short transport distances also benefit the environment.
If you support the region, local producers can, for example, pick up rare or even almost forgotten varieties of fruit and vegetables that would be lost in large supermarket chains.
On a personal level, a regional diet also brings an advantage: proximity to producers, transparency for the customer. It’s nice to know the farmer you buy your carrots from at the vegetable market – isn’t it?